Contemporary winery design, Italy
Winery Schreckbichl is a 2011 project by Italian and Austrian architectural practice Bergmeisterwolf Architekten. The non-architectural design of the original 1960s winery has been transformed into a contemporary architectural gem. The winery can be found in Weinstraße 8, 39057 Girlan, Italy.
According to the architects: “The newly added structures symbolise the development and technology of modern time and should be recognised as such. They could be compared to the philosophy of the winery where the progress of growing wine is the focal point. On the one hand there is the oak-facade following the storage in oak barrels. Also there is the metal façade made of expanded metal because of the use of metal barrels. These two facades open the way for a new unity and a new situation on the farmyard.
“The existing façade of the winery remained unaltered in its shape and its window cases. A new structure was placed in front of it at a distance of 50 cm – a structure of metal and wood which plays with spaces, openings, colours and shadows. The result is a 45 metre long and 9m high linear body, which was consciously structured into three parts. Within this trisection a game with distances and spaces is striven to achieve a unique rhythm and at the same time surprising plasticity compared to the flat appearance of the previous façade.
“On the opposite side there is the curtain wall façade made of black painted expanded metal panels, which again play with distances and heights. The material used, if looked at from the side, appears like a varnished black wall, but if observed from the front, the old building becomes visible. This metal facade surrounds the old building like a clamp and follows the entire façade. The space in between varies according to the located amount of technical equipment (like pipes) which updates the winery and its technology. The wall – the clamp begins at the entrance gate – runs along the façade and becomes a string which jumps for and backwards, and then transforms into a canopy jutting out extensively and receding again into a wall and then clamp.
“Together with the Munich-based artist Philipp Messner, circular areas made of polished INOX – which resemble mirrors – were installed as single and group constellations in different heights and positions on the façades. These reflective surfaces result in a kind of break in the architectural façade comparable to the old and new architecture of the building. Because of the observer’s movement the projection surface constantly changes, from little distortions in the reflective areas up to day and night as well as weather related motions of the sky. These circular areas symbolise the grapes to create a unity and are a repetitive pattern along the entire facades – old as well as new.
“The characteristics of the two materials, wood and steel, become the architectural element, for the surface as well as the form. The design is lived, whereas the existing building is pushed into the background. A confrontation of two materials, which are closely connected to the winery, is created: steel and wood are joined together in the colour black and the nature. The plants on the farmyard are on the one hand geometrically cut, and therefore tamed, on the other hand the steel structure symbolises the open and unrestrained nature. In the courtyard the material – steel and wood – tames the ‘non-architecture’. Along the street side nature grows exuberantly over the façade – we could therefore say that the material and nature help each other.”
Images courtesy of Gunter Richard Wett and Ulrich Egger
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