Rotterdam’s ‘vertical city’ designed by OMA
Rotterdam-based international architectural practice, OMA has designed the De Rotterdam project. Completed in late 2013, the contemporary mixed-use building was conceived as a ‘vertical city’ on the river Maas, Rotterdam, Netherlands.
With the building’s completion, a critical mass has been established on the Kop van Zuid, realising the long-established vision of a second city center south of the Maas. The building is named after one of the original ships on the Holland America Line, which from 1873 to the late 1970s transported thousands of emigrating Europeans bound for New York from the Wilhelmina Pier, and where the De Rotterdam is now situated.
The three stacked and interconnecting towers of De Rotterdam rise 44 floors to a height of 150 meters and span a width of over 100 meters. Nevertheless, the building is exceptionally compact, with a mix of programmes organised into distinct but overlapping blocks of commercial office space, residential apartments, hotel and conference facilities, restaurants and cafes. Office employees, residents and hotel guests are brought together in conference, sport and restaurant facilities. The building’s shared plinth is the location of the lobbies to each of the towers, creating a pedestrianized public hub by means of a common hall.
Rem Koolhaas said: “Despite its scale and apparent solidity, the building’s shifted blocks create a constantly changing appearance, different from every part of the city. The fact that it stands today represents a small triumph of persistence for the city, the developer, the contractor and the architects.”
Images courtesy of Charlie Koolhaas, Michel van de Kar, Ossip van Duivenbode and Philippe Ruault
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